Church of Saint Casimir

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Parish MinistriesFr. Harry Winter, OMI

St. Casimir 1458-1483

    A teenage conscientious objector is the patron saint of Poland and Lithuania. Casimir, was born of kings and in line (third among thirteen children) to be a king himself, was filled with exceptional values and learning by a great teacher, John Dlugosz.  Even his critics could not say that his conscientious objection indicated softness.  Even as a teenager, Casimir lived a highly disciplined, even severe life, sleeping on the ground, spending a great part of the night in prayer and dedicating himself to life long celibacy.

    When nobles of Hungary became dissatisfied with their king, they prevailed upon Casimir's father, the king of Poland, to send his son to take over the country.  Casimir obeyed his father, as many young men over the centuries have obeyed their government.  The army he was supposed to lead was clearly outnumbered by the "enemy"; some of his troops were deserting because they were not paid.  At the advice of his officers, Casimir decided to return home.  His father was irked at the failure of his plans, and confined his fifteen year-old son for three months.  The lad made up his mind never again to become involved in the wars of his day, and no amount of persuasion could change his mind.  He returned to prayer and study, maintaining his decision to remain celibate even under pressure to marry the emperor's daughter.  He reigned briefly as king of Poland during his father's absence.  He died of lung trouble at twenty-three while visiting Lithuania, of which he was also Grand Duke.  He was buried in Vilnius, Lithuania.

COMMENT: For many years Poland and Lithuania faded into gray prison on the other side of the Iron Curtain.  Despite repression, the Poles and Lithuanians remained firm in the faith which has become synonymous with their name.  Their youthful patron reminds us:  Peace is not won by war; sometimes a comfortable peace is not even won by virtue, but Christ's peace can penetrate every government repression of religion.

STORY: Casimir had a great love of the Mother of God; in particular he loved the great Marian hymn, Omni die dic Mariae (translated, not literally, as "Daily, daily, sing to Mary").  He asked a copy of it to be buried with him.


The following is used in the Liturgy of the Hours, volume 2, pp. 1698-99, on the Feast of St. Casimir, March 4.

Office of Readings

READING: From the Life of St. Casimir written by a contemporary
(Cap. 2-3: Acta Sanctorum Martii 1, 347-348)

By fulfilling the commands of the Most High he stored up treasure for himself

By the power of the Holy Spirit, Casimir burned with a sincere and unpretentious love for almighty God that was almost unbelievable in its strength.  So rich was his love and so abundantly did it fill his heart, that it flowed out from his inner spirit toward his fellow men.  As a result nothing was more pleasant, nothing more desirable for him, than to share his belongings, and even to dedicate and give his entire self to Christ´┐Żs poor, to strangers, to the sick, to those in captivity and all who suffer.  To widows, orphans and the afflicted, he was not only a guardian and patron but a father, son and brother.  One would have to compose a long account to record here all his works of love and dedication for God and for mankind.  Indeed, it is difficult to imagine or to express his passion for justice, his exercise of moderation, his gift of prudence, his fundamental spiritual courage and stability, especially in a most permissive age, when men tend to be headstrong and by their very natures inclined to sin.

Daily he urged his father to practice justice throughout his kingdom and in the governance of his people; and whenever anything in the country had been overlooked because of human weakness or simple neglect, he never failed to point it out quietly to the king.

He actively took up the cause of the needy and unfortunate and embraced it as his own; for this reason the people called him the patron of the poor.  Though the son of a king and descendant of a noble line, he was never unapproachable in his conversation or dealings with anyone, no matter how humble or obscure.

He always preferred to be counted among the meek and poor of spirit, among those who are promised the kingdom of heaven, rather than among the famous and powerful men of this world.  He had no ambition for the power that lies in human rank and he would never accept it from his father.  He was afraid the barbs of wealth, which our Lord Jesus Christ spoke of as thorns, would wound his soul, or that he would be contaminated by contact with worldly goods.

Many who acted as his personal servants or secretaries are still alive today; these men, of the highest integrity, who had personal knowledge of his private life, testify that he preserved his chastity to the very end of his life.








St Casimir Catholic Church
934 Geranium Avenue East
St Paul, MN 55106-2694
Phone: (651) 774-0365
fax: (651) 774-0508



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